Elevator maintenance is in many ways like vehicle maintenance.
Without adequate maintenance, the systems will fail, and the elevator becomes unsafe. Also, when routine maintenance is not performed in a newer model, it may void the manufacturer warranty.
Most owners of elevators, whether business or for home use, are unaware of the maintenance needed to keep elevators operational and safe.
When an elevator is maintained appropriately and within the right schedule, it can last several decades.
In General, Elevators are Safe
Elevators are extremely safe. In fact, Gizmodo highlights that elevators are 20 times safer than escalators, and the only occurrence of an elevator car free falling in history was in 1945 in the Empire State Building. The passenger survived.
In history, those that died from an elevator accident were typically repaired technicians; not passengers.
Despite the fact elevators are safe, they are only as reliable as the maintenance performed on them each year. When elevators are not properly maintained, they become a serious safety risk and a potential citation for businesses.
Elevators are Common Fixtures in the United States and Replaced Often
New elevators are being installed throughout the United States on a frequent basis. In fact, Statista found that 670,000 elevators were installed worldwide, with China taking most of those installations.
Companies and residences around the world can dramatically reduce the costs of replacement just by properly maintaining their elevator systems they have in operation now.
The Most Common Types of Elevator Maintenance
1. Code Requirement Checks and Updates
A critical component of elevator maintenance is conducting routine checks for code compliance and any required code updates on the unit itself. The ASME Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators outlines all requirements, and even demands a written maintenance control program that displays strict adherence to maintenance, examinations and tests at regular intervals.
2. Monthly Inspections and Maintenance
Most elevators require monthly maintenance appointments, especially if they are utilized daily. Accessibility lifts, on the other hand, only need bimonthly maintenance appointments and industrial elevators can do semiannual checks. These audits are merely inspections. At times, the review will yield no need for further maintenance, while at other times individual components must receive maintenance or service repairs.
During these monthly checks, the first thing a technician must review is the hoist ropes and the machines driving the elevator car. Everything must be lubricated and functioning properly. Also, all working parts that require lubrication are examined and additional lubrication applied if it appears they are running dry.
3. Ordering Replacement Components
During the scheduled inspection and maintenance appointment, a good technician will assess which parts are likely ending their life span. They will order those parts at the time so that they can replace during their next maintenance check or when the component finally reaches the end of its life expectancy.
4. Required Safety Checks and Efficiency
In addition to inspections, the technician must run physical safety controls and proficiency checks. This means running the elevator multiple times. The emergency recall system is often overlooked, but is an essential component for security checks and should be examined at every inspection appointment.
5. Assessing for Modernization Needs
Elevators are not designed to last forever. Even with the right elevator maintenance performed at appropriate intervals, an elevator that no longer is code compliant or is too old to find replacement components may be better suited for modernization. Also, a technician will review the frequency of repairs and failures.
At Inclinator-Elevette, Inc., if we notice you are spending excessive amounts of time and money dealing with a consistently failing elevator, we may suggest a modernization versus another repair.
6. Conducting Amp and Pressure Tests
During maintenance appointments, our technicians perform multiple tests that include pressure gauges, multimeters and amp meters. This ensures that the electrical components of your residential or commercial elevator are working properly.
7. Examining the Elevator’s Behavior
Our maintenance technicians must also review the elevator’s response. We assess all aspects of the operation, including the speeds of acceleration and deceleration, smoothness of floor-to-floor travel, emergency equipment, safety equipment, and the safety of the door operation.
Elevator Maintenance is Not Recommended; It Is Required
While most businesses think that their maintenance is nothing more than a suggestion, it is a federal and state regulation. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration and American Society of Mechanical Engineers have developed elevator maintenance requirements that outline how often an elevator must be inspected, and they require businesses to keep those records in case of a state or federal inspection.
Go with a Company that Has Years of Experience in Elevator Installation, Repairs and Maintenance
Inclinator-Elevette, Inc. is your trusted resource for elevator maintenance, repairs, and new installations in the New Jersey area. We provide residences and commercial properties with the lifts and elevators they need to accommodate their lifestyle and their clientele.
We have always prided ourselves on giving our clients revolutionary service, and as one of the oldest and most reliable elevator companies out there, you know you are hiring an expert when it comes to reliability and safety for every elevator we manage.
Contact our team today at 800-541-1741 to schedule an elevator maintenance appointment or contact us online with your questions.